Internet Lingo 101

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As Scott Cook once said, “We’re still in the first minutes of the first day of the Internet revolution.” The Internet is a massive web with over 3 billion users. Majority of users are savvy in utilizing basic & top functions of the Internet such as: web content surfing, networking via social media and shopping via e-commerce.

The Internet has advanced and integrated itself into a large portion of our lives. Many of us, experience the all too familiar feelings of anger, frustration and being lost in the event of Internet technical issues (setting up of infrastructure, slow connection speeds or no connection). With such highly placed priority, we should not only understand how to go about our daily activities online but also grasp a basic understanding of key Internet lingo.

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 Common Internet acronyms & terms

Acronym/Term Definition
LAN Local Area Network
WAN Wide Area Network
VLAN Virtual Local Area Network
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
WiFi A facility allowing computers, smartphones or other devices to connect to the Internet or communicate with one another wirelessly within an area
DNS Domain Name System
BGP Border Gateway Protocol
FTP Fibre Termination Point or File Transfer Protocol
VPN Virtual Private Network
USB Universal Serial Bus
NIC Network Interface Card
BIOS Basic Input Output Settings
NAT Network Address Translation
CPU Central Processing Unit
Gbps Gigabit per second
Mbps Megabits per second
HTTPS HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure
HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol
www World Wide Web
IP Address Internet Protocol
RAM Random Access Memory
ROM Read Only Memory
Ping The reaction time of your connection – how long it takes for you to get a response after you’ve sent information to a server. It is measured in milliseconds (ms).
Latency How much time it takes for a packet of data to get from one designated point to another
Server A computer or device on a network that manages resources
Flash Storage Electronic non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed
Dual-core Intel A chip with two independent units called cores that read and execute CPU instructions
Quad-core Intel

A chip with four independent units called cores that read and execute CPU instructions


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